After 2002, the new geo-political dynamics and its subsequent business opportunities, rapid urban population growth and emergence of high unemployment, triggered the planning of urban extension towards the immediate north of Kabul, in the form of a new city. The Government of Afghanistan established the Afghanistan National Development Strategy (ANDS) for the coming five years as part of its efforts to secure continued understanding and support from the International society for sustainable development. The ANDS is supported by three main pillars of Security, governance and socio-economic development with eight pillars:
1. Infrastructure and natural resources
2. Agriculture and rural development
3. Human capital and gender equity
4. Social protection
5. Economic governance and private sector development
6. International and regional cooperation
7. Good governance and rule of law
All the above objectives of the ANDS has been addressed through the planning of the Kabul New City as a viable and sustainable concept to enable growth and economic prosperity on the local, national and regional basis.
Urban development is an important issue in the strategy for infrastructure and natural resources together with transport, water resources and sustainable and quality energy resources and supply for the residents and businesses.
As part of efforts to deal with the urban problems in Kabul, the development of a new city in Dehsabz has been contemplated as mentioned in the ANDS. The Government of Afghanistan has requested the Government of Japan for technical cooperation to develop a Master Plan for the Kabul city with the new city as an important means to guide the future urbanization in the Kabul Metropolitan Area (KMA). In response, the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)-the official agency responsible for the implementation of the technical cooperation program of the Government of Japan, decided to conduct a study to examine the strategy and directions for urban development in Kabul Metropolitan Area (KMA) and to prepare a Master Plan for further design and implementation.
Development background at a Glance: